Pałac Potockich
wszystkie fot. Elżbieta Bulińska
Kościół i klasztor podominikański, obecnie cerkiew
fot. Elżbieta Bulińska
Stanisław [Stanislas] Szczęsny Potocki

 Podole
 I Rzeczpospolita
 The Bracław Voivodeship The eastern Podole [Podolia]

TULCHYN

Polish: Tulczyn


ukr. ТУЛЬЧИН, Tulchyn


Bracławskie (I RP) - Bracław
 mapa 1:75 000 
PN -  ZACH
Lipowiec, Oczeretnia, Wachnówka, Zozów, Żorniszcze, Żydowce

PN -  WSCH
Bałabanówka, Dzionków, Juszkowce, Monastyryszcze, Tetijew

PD -  ZACH
Bracław, Hajsyn, Klebań, Ładyżyn, Tulczyn

PD - WSCH
Granów, Hajsyn, Łozowata, Sebastianówka, Sobolewka

Situated on the Sielnica River in the southern part of the Bracław Voivodeship, 82 km on southern east from Winnica.

Firstly the Ruthenian city called Nesterwar. In 1240, the Mongol invasion of Rus led by Batu Khan destroyed all the Ruthenian.

In 14th centhury, after the Mongol destruction, Tulczyn with the eastern Podole [Podolia] became part of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania

From 15th c. to 17th century, several times, Tatars invaded Podole and destroyed Tulczyn. Kalisz belonged to the Lithuania until the Lublin Union of 1569, when it passed to the Polish Crown Lands of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Ł

In 1609, Sigismund III Vasa, King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania gived Tulczyn to Walenty Alexander Kalinowski.

In June, 1648 the Cossacks of Commander Hanża killed more than 3,000 Jews in Tulczyn. Hovewer, later another the Cossacks of Ostap Pawluk locked the castle and murdered the inhabitants include Duke Czetwertyński. Pawluk taken Duchess Czetwertyński.

From 1651 to 1654, according the Zborów [Zboruv] Agreement in Tulczyn was headquarters of cossack of Bracław's [Bratslav] regiment In 1654, polish troops recovered the city.

From 1672 to 1699, after the battle of Kamieniec Podolski the Ottoman Empire occupied Tulczyn and all Podole [Podolia].

Next owner of Tulczyn (1726) was Franciszek Salezy Potocki, one of the most famous shipping magnate of 'Rzeczpospolita' [the Polish - Lithuanian Commonwealth], the Voivode of Ruthenia , general of Crown of Poland artillery, 'Starosta' [the Elder] of Bełz, Hrubieszów, Sokal, Hajsyn and Zwinogródka the Master of the polish freemasonry. His main residence was Tulczyn.

In 1775 Franciszek Salezy Potocki has started structure of monumental palace by the project of Lacroix from France.

In 1787, Stanislas II August Poniatowski, King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania admired in this residence. The interiors of palace were organized sumptuously. Among others, they contained the gallery of family portrait, the collection of painting, silver, arrases and other work of arts, archive with documents from 14th and 15th centuries. In 1782, Potocki builded the second, small palace and the theatre.

In 1792, Tulczyn was the center of Targowica [Targovitsa] Confederation. (Polish-Lithuanian nobility agreed upon in Saint Petersburg with the backing of the Russian Empress Catherine II, opposed the Polish Constitution of May 3, 1791, especially the provisions limiting the privileges of the nobility.

The son of Franciszek Salezy Potocki, Stanisław [Stanislas] Szczęsny Potocki was one of leader of russian party and the Marshal (head) of the Targowica Confederation.

In 1793, after the Second Partition of Poland in 1793, along with the rest of the Right-bank Ukraine, Tulczyn was annexed by Imperial Russia and never it has returned to Poland already.

From 1795 to 1796 Tulczyn was the district city of Bracław gubernia (province).

In 1805, after the death of Stanislas Szczęsny Potocki, 16 children have inherited.

In 1812, the famous polish poet Stanislas Trembecki died in Tulczyn.

From 1821 to 1825 in Tulczyn faced each other Russian organizers of The Decembrist revolt [1825].

From 1869, Tulczyn belonged to Russian family Stroganow, next to russian duke Oldenburski, and finally to the ministry Tsar's government Tsar.

In 1928, Fire has incinerated overhead storey of palace. From 1975, the palace was partially renovated.

After the Soviet occupation, since 1991 this is a town of the Winnica [Vinnitsa] province of central Ukraine. Population 17,000 [1990]. 


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