Ostróg, the ruins of castle in 19th c.
Ostróg, the ruins of castle in 19th c.
Tygodnik Ilustrowany, 1863 
View of Ostróg, Painting by Zygmunt Vogel
View of Ostróg, Painted by Zygmunt Vogel

fot. Elżbieta Bulińska

The catholic church Holy Virgin. First, wooden Roman Catholic Church and the Dominican Monastery (1440-42), was builded by duke Fiodor (Fedor) Ostrogski. In 1443 the Tatars invaded to Ostróg and the church perished in a fire. New Roman Catholic Church (1582) builded by duke Wasyl Ostrogski. In the beginning of 17th century Tatars several times invaded Volhynia and destroyed the church. Next church builded (1624) by Anna Alojza Ostrogska - Chodkiewicz nad rebuilded by (18th c.) Duchess Anna Sapieha - Jabłonowska. On June 4, 1888 (?1889) the church perished in a fire.
New classical church was builded by the project (1897) of Wiktor Peterowski.
fot. Elżbieta Bulińska


fot. Elżbieta Bulińska
fot. Elżbieta Bulińska
fot. www.mycastles.narod.ru
fot. www.mycastles.narod.ru

Volhynia (Volhynia) Province [Voivodeship]
 II Rzeczpospolita
 OSTROG

polish Ostróg, ukrainian ОСТРОГ, Ostroh


Wołyńskie (I i II RP)
powiat Krzemieniec, Ostróg, Zbaraż, Zasław
 mapa 1:75 000 
PN -  ZACH
Dermacz, Mizocz, Szumsk

PN -  WSCH
Białogródka, Milatyń, Ostróg, Zasław

PD -  ZACH
Podwołoczyska, Tichoml, Toki, Zbaraż

PD - WSCH
Bazalia, Czarny Ostrów, Kupiel, Lachowce, Teofipol

Situated on the Wilia and Horyn River in the northern part of the Volhynia Voivodeship. One of the oldiest and more important cities of Volhyniaia, first mentioned (1100) in the old-russian chronicle by Nestor.

Ostróg was a centre of powerful princely family Ostrogski. In the middle of 14th century , Daniel (Daniło) dukeof Ostróg (+ 1386) builded new wooden castle.

In 14th century , after the Mongol destruction, Ostróg with Volhynia became part of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania.

In the beginning of 15th century duke Wasyl "the beutiful" Ostrogski (+ 1450) rebuilded the castle and builded the Orthodox church and City Hall (Ratusz) in Ostróg

In 1443 the Tatars invaded to Ostróg and the church perished in a fire. New Roman Catholic Church (1582) builded by duke Wasyl Ostrogski.

In 16 and 17th century, several times, Tatars invaded Volhynia and destroyed Ostróg.

The duke Konstanty I Ostrogski (+ 1533), hetman of Lithuanien, the winner of the battle of Orsza (the battle occurred September 8, 1514. Armies of Sigismund I The Old [Jagiellon], the King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania defeated the Russian army of Vasili III, Grand Prince of Moscow.) rebuilded the destroyed castle and brick Orthodox church.

Ostróg belonged to the Lithuania until the Lublin Union of 1569, when it passed to the Polish Crown Lands of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. New Roman Catholic Church (1582) builded by duke Wasyl Ostrogski.

In Ostróg was Academy of Ostrogski - the schools and printing press, founded by Ostrogski family and destroted by Cossacks (1648). In 1581, there was printed [by Ivan Fedorov (Fedorovych)] first Bibly in Slavic language: "Biblia Ostrogska" ['The Bibly of Ostróg'] in Church Slavonic.

Before the death [1620] Duke Janusz Ostrogski, castellan of Cracov, last of Ostrogski family, created the biggest in Polish - Lithuanian Commonwealth (24 cities and castles and 392 villages) "ordynacja" - landed property in fideicommis (the estate was not to be divided between the heirs but inherited in full by the eldest son)

His daughter, Duchess Anna Ostrogska - Chodkiewicz founded (1624) the Roman Catholic Church and Collegium of Jesuits .

The beautiful Roman Catholic Church of Jesuits (1624) was builded by the project of Benedykt Molla from Italy.

In 1648, Ostróg and castle was destroyed and plundered by Cossacks. In 17th cenhury, several times Ostróg was destroyed by Cossacks and Tatars Ostróg and finally ruined.

The Ostrogski family "ordynacja" belonged to Zasławski, Lubomirski and Sanguszko families. According the Kolbuszowa agreement (1753) Ostróg and Mizocz belonged to Małachowski family, later (1772) to Jabłonowski family.

Ostróg was anexxed (1793) by Russian in the Second Partition of Poland.

In 16th century Jews builded Synagogue and several Judaic praying houses and Jewish the printing press (1648). In Ostróg worked the commentator of Talmud - Marszuc (+ 1629) and Dawid Szmulowicz.

Next Roman Catholic Church [in rococo] was founded (1758) by Stanislas Łubkowski and Felix Malinowski After the November Uprising [1830–1831] (the armed rebellion against the rule of the Russian Empire in Poland and Lithuania) Russians gived the catholic church to the Orthodox Church.

In 19th century Karol Jabłonowski builded new little palace and beautiful garden. After the January Uprising [1863-1865] (the longest Lithuanian and Polish uprising against the Russian Empire) the Russian government confiscated the estate of Jabłonowski.

After the Soviet occupation (1939-41, 1944-91), since 1991 this is a small town in the Ostróg district of the Tarnopol province of western Ukraine.

The Ostrogski castle was renovated {1914-1915] by polish Kijowskie Towarzystwo Opieki nad Zabytkami, (later Bractwo im. ks. Ostrogskich. Greek Catholic 'Uniate' church

After 1880 Russians rebuilded the ruins of the Orthodox Church (in Neo-Byzantine style)

At the conclusion of the polish-bolshevik war (1919-1921), in accordance with the Riga Peace Treaty [1921] Ostróg returned to Poland.

From 1919 to 1939 the town belonged to - in < ahref=zdolbunow.php3>Zdołbunów district in Volhynia province in 'II Rzeczpospolita' [Second Polish Republic], near [1 km] borderline of Soviet Union.

In September 1939, as a result of the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact and the partition of Poland, Ostróg was captured by the Soviet invaders. Poles were deported from town by soviet NKVD.

In Summer, 1941 Ostróg was captured by the German soldiers.

After the Soviet occupation (1939-41, 1944-91), since 1991 this is a district town in Równe province of western Ukraine.

More informations [Polish]: Opis zabytków


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